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ANA - Anti-nuclear antibodies

Presence of the ANA

Systemic rheumatic diseases

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) Drug-induced lupus erythematosus Systemic sclerosis Mixed collagenosis (MCTD) Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) Poly-/Dermatomyositis Rheumatoid arthritis Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Organ-specific autoimmune diseases

Hashimoto's thyroiditis M. Basedow Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) Autoimmune hepatitis Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis

Infections

Syphilis, HIV, HCV, EBV, parvovirus B19 Chronic (bacterial) infections

Paraneoplastic

lymphoproliferative processes

TNF-alpha inhibitors

Age >65 years

Weitere Ursachen finden Sie hier

adapted from Praxis 2020; 109 (5): 325–331