Dupuytren disease is a fibrosing disorder that results in slowly progressive thickening and shorting of the palmar fascia. It was originally described in 1831 by the French physician Dupuytren. It is a relatively common condition but its cause is not fully understood.
Dupuytren’s contracture should be distinguished from diabetic cheiroarthropathy (Diabetes Mellitus), camptodactyly, palmar fibromatosis, traumatic scars, Volkmann’s ischemic contracture, and intrinsic joint disease.
Dupuytren's contracture has been observed in association with
- adults with diabetes mellitus
- Other localized fibroses (nodular plantar fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis of popliteal fascia, Peyronie’s disease)
- Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption
- Palmar fasciitis